Bobbins · Jones · Needles · Vertical rotary hook · Vibrating shuttle

Jones needles and bobbins for CS and Spool

Jones was one of the oldest British sewing machine manufacturers, established in 1859 in Greater Manchester.

Jones produced a number of classes of sewing machines, but I have only worked with cylinder shuttle (CS) and rotary (Spool), so this post focuses on them.

Jones CS is a vibrating shuttle machine after a White design, named cylinder shuttle. These came in two sizes: 14.5″ bed called Medium CS, and 12″ bed called Family CS. See my post on vibrating shuttle machines for more details.

Later variants of Jones CS include models called “Consort” , “No. 35″, ” D53A” and possibly others. These models take different needles from Family CS, but are otherwise the same. They do look differently though!

You can tell old style Family CS from the new style CS by the type of the needle clamp.

New Family CS has a Singer style needle clamp and takes standard domestic 15×1 needles. Old Family CS does not have a separate needle clamp – the needle is inserted directly into the needle bar. There is a screw on the side to clamp it. Old Family CS machines take 128×1 needles.

Medium CS machines take special Jones Medium manufacturing needles which were very similar to 128×1 but had a flat shank. Such needles are no longer to be found! I don’t know what would be a good substitute because my own Medium CS machine had been converted to 15×1 needles by the previous owner.

Jones Spool is a rotary machine after Wheeler & Wilson D9, full size only.

If you want to know more about Jones machines, there is a nice page at Sewalot. For dating, spares and original supplies try SewingDownMemoryLane.

Summary on needles and bobbins

New Jones Family CS: standard domestic 15×1 needles.

Old Jones Family CS and Spool: 128×1 needles or Schmetz DBx1 needles (Schmetz only! No other make works!!).

Both Jones CS: Singer 27/28 bobbins 31mm x 9mm, with a hole in the cap, as those used in German-made machines.

Jones Spool: Wheeler & Wilson rounded bobbin 23mm x 7mm, hole size is immaterial.


Both CS and Spool take “Jones” needles, but there is a difference between Family and Manufacturing needles.

Jones round shank needles. Two top ones are Manufacturing needles (industrial) marked J6 (size 6) and J (size 3). The bottom one is Family CS needle size 1, marked JFCS.

Jones Medium CS machines take flat shank Jones Manufacturing needles, but I’ve never seen one, so don’t have the measurements.

Jones round shank needles have slightly different measurements, which doesn’t seem much but the wrong needle may cause skipped stitches. These needles are most similar to 128×1 needles, but 128×1 needles are hard to find in many countries. The next best choice is DBx1 but they must be from Schmetz. DBx1 needles are not really a very good match: the shank is too thin (1.58mm instead of 1.74mm) so that the needle is pushed too far away from the hook or shuttle, and the length from the butt to the eye is too short (33.7mm instead of 34mm) so that the eye comes too high as well. The combined result is skipped stitches.

However, Schmetz DBx1 needles are slightly thicker in the shank (1.63mm) and slightly longer from butt to eye (33.9mm) so that it just about works.

So, if you have to use DBx1, it must be Schmetz only! Got that?*

*No, I don’t think that you are stupid. I think that you don’t believe me. I had questions from people who tried to use Organ DBx1 – why does it not work? Because it’s not Schmetz. Because it’s too thin and too short.

Both types of Jones needles don’t have a scarf, while both substitutes do – and having a scarf where none is expected could lead to skipped stitches. However, I could not find any modern needles without a scarf.

Needle type Shank diameter mm Butt to eye mm Eye to point mm Scarf
Jones Manufacturing 1.73 33.6 5.9 no
Jones Family CS 1.73 33.9 4.5 no
128×1 1.73 34 5.9 yes
DBx1 1.58 33.7 4.3 yes
Jones round shank needles and their substitutes. From top: Jones Manufacturing and a modern 128×1, Jones Family CS and DBx1.

128×1 needles are available in sizes 70/10 – 125/21. They come in just one point type: acute round point, also known as microtex needles, or sharps. This latter name is a misnomer because they do not have a sharp point – regular needles have a sharp point. But they feel sharp to the touch because the end of the needle is slim. They are suitable for sewing just about anything – from jersey to wovens and even leather, but because the point is slim, it can be damaged by dense materials. So don’t use the same needle on sail canvas and then on lycra swimwear. 😉

In the UK you can buy 128×1 needles for example from

Note that DBx1 needles are not fully standardised among manufacturers, and some of these needles work with Jones, while other don’t (must use Schmetz, see above).

DBx1 needles come with a variety of point types – regular, several ball point types and leather point. There is also a sister needle type DBxK5 with the same measurements but a larger eye.

Jones CS bobbins

The bobbins for Jones CS machines are the same as those used for Singer VS machine, i.e., the “bullet” shuttle. Note that they are longer than the older Singer 12 bobbins for the transversal “boat” shuttle.

Except that Jones machines have a positioning pin in their bobbin winder, so you need Singer 27/28 bobbins with a little hole in the cap like those used with German-made VS machines. These bobbins are being made again, both with and without the hole, so make sure you get the right type.

Jones Spool bobbins

These bobbins come in two sizes, both are rare. The oldest Spool I’ve seen was from 1899, and it already used the larger bobbin called “Medium”. The smaller variety was apparently used on even older machines.
The Medium Spool bobbin is a rounded bobbin measuring 23mm in diameter and 7mm thick at its heighest point. It’s only 3.5mm thick at the edges, see photo above in the summary section.

I have so far not found a modern substitute for this bobbin, so if you know of one, do tell!

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13 thoughts on “Jones needles and bobbins for CS and Spool

  1. Which 128×1 brands work for a 1923 Jones family cs sewing machine I have been looking and there are a few brands to choose from thanks


      1. I have a Jones cat back hand machine and a Jones family transverse machine both made before the above mentioned Jones machines. Both of them also take a 128×1 needle and have identical transverse boat shuttles. May be helpful to somebody .


  2. Elena, Thank you for all this wonderful info. I have to day acquired a beautiful Jones Family CS treadle machine (have never seen one before and it is quite special with pristine decals in its original cabinet) but alas it is missing the shuttle and bobbins. There is a huge lack of info and manuals for these machines. I fell in love with the look of this machine because it looked like a Singer 28. Now with your info I will be able to source the correct needles, shuttle and bobbins and get this beauty running again. I am still hoping that the original bobbins and shuttle are found in the possession of the family I purchased it from as a sewing table and sewing basket filled to the brim were passed to a daughter who as far as the mother knows has not gone through them yet. Regards, Jen (in Australia)


    1. Jen, this is wonderful – to find one with a stand! You can download a manual from the downloads section in the top menu on my blog site. The shuttles for family machines come up quite regularly on eBay, in case you find that you need one. Regarding needles, some people reported that even Schmetz DBx1 skipped stitches for them, so there was obviously some variation between machines. If you can get 128×1 needles, that’s the best. You can also look at this Jones website:
      Good luck!


      1. Hi Elena, I got the shuttle and one original bobbin, the seller found them, I’m relieved as the shuttles on ebay cost more than my machine did. I also bought some Singer 28 reproduction bobbins with holes and as yet have not tried them as they are a little bit shorter and I don’t know if they will cause any issues. I have got a few original unused needles so will be looking at getting some 128×1 as their dimenions are closer to original than the DBx1. Cheers, Jen


      2. Jen, shorter or smaller bobbins work fine. It’s longer or larger ones that cause issues because they jam the shuttle.


  3. Hi. This post is so interesting. I’ve just got myself a Jones family c.s handcrank machine. I wanted to ask a question about the shuttle that the bobbin goes into. Would a singer shuttle work the one that uses the singer bobbins that are mentioned in the post? I’m just thinking ‘future proofing’ and having a spare.

    Thanks for any advice.



  4. I bought 128×1 80/12 Needles here×1. I’m in the US and they are hard to find here. There is an Etsy seller who sells them 10 at a time but they are twice as expensive. I noticed there was GB located on the picture of the needle and Googled and this is what I got. So hope they fit.

    We have a Jones Family C.S. Hand Crank. I have looked at pictures on the net and none of them look exactly the same as our machine. It is from my SIL that passed away. I’m so glad to have the machine and show my kids what it used to be like. First project will be a pirate shirt I believe. LOL


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